This is a sampling of typical observations noted during a home inspection. These items are things typically not detected during a casual walk through during an open house. However, a competent home inspector should detect these items during a home inspection.
This new sub-panel was apparently installed for the swimming pool and has the ground wire and neutral wire bonded together, they should not be. Furthermore, its main disconnect is 100 amps but the cable feeding it is too small a gauge wire. This panels feed cable need to be replaced with a 4 wire type of appropriate size.
This panel also needs more labeling describing where the breakers go.
Additionally, the wire shown on the lower right is a 14 AWG size where the breaker is 20 amp. This wire is too small for a 20 amp breaker. Either the breaker should be changed to 15 amp or the cable changed to a 12 AWG size.
The electrical panels and electrical system needs a professional licensed electrician’s attention as this panel as wired is a fire and electrical safety hazard.
This beam is not properly supported. It could fail under the load and cause the floor above to collapse. A license contractor should replace this unstable support with a properly build wall structure.
This is lamp cord being used to connect this switch to a basement ceiling light. It is against electrical code as well as being a fire hazard. This condition should be resolved by a licensed electrician. I also saw this in the attic access area.
The Temperature Pressure Relief (TPR) valve should be plumbed to within 6 inches of the floor it was not. If it were to release hot water it could injure someone. Have a professional license plumber resolve this issue when the heater is repaired or replaced.
This kitchen drain trap is an S-type. It can cause odors by not creating a good seal and is building code illegal in new construction. Leave as is if you are not seeing any problems. Also the disposal did not work. Cold and hot water to kitchen sink did not have shutoff valves. The shutoff valve shown was to the dishwasher.
A noticeable bulge was observed in the front (east facing) wall. This bulge was measured as extending about 1 ¾” out from the base of the wall. This is considered a serious structural deficiency a bulge more than even 2” could make the wall unstable and collapse. Some of this walls problem may be resolved with appropriate gutter extensions and grading of the exterior property to reduce hydraulic pressure. I will include some addition information with this report about things that may help.
These breakers are 20 amp they need to have 12 AWG size wire but have the smaller 14 AWG wire. The breaker should be changed to a 15 amp size or the branch wire changed to 12 AWG. This is a potential fire hazard. Also, in the same picture it shows two wires going to a single breaker. This is called a double tap and can also be a hazard. This should be rectified by a licensed electrician.